Allahabad also known as Prayag , is a metropolitan city in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of theAllahabad District. The city’s original name – Prayaga, or “place of offerings” – comes from its position at the sacred union of the rivers Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati. It is the second-oldest city in India and plays a central role in the Hindu scriptures. Allahabad was originally founded as Kaushambi (now a separate district) by the Kuru rulers of Hastinapur, who developed it as their capital. Since then, Allahabad has often been the political/cultural/administrative head of the entire Doab area and beyond. Later, the Mughal emperor Akbar renamed Prayag as Allahabad and made it a prominent administrative centre. In 1833 it became the seat of Ceded and Conquered Provinces before the capital was shifted to Agra in 1835.It again became the capital of North-Western Provinces in 1858 when it was also made the capital of India for a day.Eventually, it served as the capital of United Provinces from 1902 to 1920. Allahabad has hosted cultural and sporting events, including Kumbh Mela and Indira Marathon.
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